In this directory of outcomes, there are 30 entries divided into three categories: general population studies (n=15), studies of citizens who interacted with police (n=9), and studies of other stakeholders (prosecutors, judges, etc.; n=6). Quin Patterson and Drs. Janne Gaub, Michael D. White, and Aili Malm capture perceptions across different topics including general attitudes, evidentiary value, citizen impacts, and officer impacts.
Specific outcomes were not examined in every study. Studies used a mix of methods including in-person, online, and phone surveys, as well as in-person interviews and focus groups. Key themes are presented from each category of studies, including general population, citizens encountering police, and perceptions of other stakeholders.